AAs: Abbreviation for authorís alterations. Refers to changes made after a job has been submitted (such as changes in design, layout, copy, graphics or photographs). Printers charge for AAs.

Contract proof: A color proof representing an agreement between the printer and the customer regarding the standard for color and quality of the printed product.

Dummy: A folded sample used to show finished size, shape and binding requirements.

Hard copy: A printed copy of text or a page layout. Used to check for accurate transmission of electronic files or to proof read against.

Manufacturing capability: the aggregate of equipment, supplies, and staffing that defines the possible range of products that can be produced by a company.

Manufacturing capacity: the total amount of work that can be produced in a given time.

PDF: an acronym for Portable Document Format, a universal file format that preserves the fonts, images, graphics, and layout of any source document, regardless of the application and platform used to create it.

Proof: a print made from the artwork (electronic or mechanical) that will be used to produce the press plate, digital image, or PDF file.

Specialty printer: a printer with narrowly-defined printing capabilities. Contrasted to a general commercial printer who offers a wide scope of services.

Specifications: A listing of exactly what will be used to produce a printed piece ñ paper, ink, sides to be printed, number of pages, bindery requirements, finished size. May include customer-provided inputs (such as photographs, text or mail list).

Trade printer: a printing company that provides printing for other printers and does not work directly with the end user of the printing.